Biomedical Research: The End of Reductionistic Thinking and Experimentation?
Biomedical research has relied on reductionistic thinking and experimentation – that is, changing one variable at a time to see effects in some system. This works extremely well for simple systems and has led to building the large and valuable scientific knowledge base available to scientists and the healthcare industry.
However, all organisms have complex interactions between their genes and environmental factors such as food, climate, and physical conditions. Analyzing these interactions requires new experimental approaches, strategies, and methods for understanding and applying knowledge to improved medical and nutritional treatments and recommendations.
Applying systems thinking and approaches to medicine is usually called Precision Medicine (which may or may not have nutrition or environmental factors included) and systems nutrition or systems health when diet, activity, physical and other environmental factors are studied and applied.